This Spanish flan recipe is creamy and sweet, with a caramel sauce that's so good, you'll want to lick the plate clean!
Made with only milk, eggs, sugar, vanilla (and a pinch of salt!) this easy, Spanish dessert is light, delicately flavored with a lusciously creamy mouthfeel. Bonus points since you can make it several days in advance !!!!
Easy Spanish Flan Recipe with Milk
Although I've eaten many versions of this dessert, it wasn't until a recent trip to Spain that I truly fell in love with this creamy and luscious dish! Both Crema Catalana and Flan top the list of traditional Spanish desserts and so, in the name of "research" I sampled as many versions as I could!
The things I do for my job....
Returning home, I made this dessert- repeatedly. I tested out a variety of recipes for this simple dish but I wasn't 100% happy with any of them.
They were either too heavy, too sweet, too grainy, rubbery, etc, etc. or had directions that were either wrong or overly complicated.
So I went back to basics and started with an easy flan recipe with milk. After a few tweaks (and a number of tries!!) I finally came up with a simple, foolproof version!
But before we get into the how's and why's....
What is Flan?
Flan is a baked egg custard topped with a caramel sauce.
Spanish Flan Ingredients
You will need the following ingredients to make flan:
- Milk - for this recipe you will need whole milk. 1% or 2% milk don't contain enough fat so the custard won't be as silky!
- Eggs- I used large eggs in this recipe which I think gives the best result.
- Sugar - white granulated sugar is all you need.
- Vanilla - since this recipe has so few ingredients, use real vanilla!
- Salt- although many recipes don't call for salt, a small amount balances all the flavors and definitely makes a difference.
Is Flan French or Spanish?
France and Spain both claim this dessert as their own. Surprisingly enough, neither country invented it. The earliest references to what we now call flan date to Roman times.
Both sweet and savory versions were prepared - (egg custard with eels anyone??) The Romans introduced this dish to both Spain and France, but it was the Spanish who first paired it with caramel.
How to Make Traditional Spanish Flan
- Make the Caramel: Add 1 cup of sugar to a saucepan and cook over medium heat, swirling the pan to stir the sugar. DON'T stir the sugar with a spoon or spatula!
- Coat the bottom of the ramekins with the caramelized sugar.
- Pre heat the oven to 325 degrees and boil the water for the water bath.
- Make the custard. Whisk the eggs with the milk, sugar, vanilla extract and a pinch of salt.
- Fill the ramekins - place the ramekins in a baking dish. and pour the egg mixture through a strainer into each ramekin. Fill each ramekin to just below the rim.
- Pour boiling water around the ramekins until the water reaches about halfway up the ramekins.
- Cover the baking dish with aluminum foil and carefully place in the oven.
- Bake for 45 minutes or until the flan jiggles only slightly when shaken or a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean.
- Remove the ramekins from the water bath and cool completely.
- Cover the flans lightly with plastic wrap and refrigerate if not serving immediately.
And there you have it - a classic, foolproof version of Flan! While it's sometimes served with a bit of whipped cream and/or berries, I prefer it just as it is!
Tips for Making Spanish Flan
- Making the Caramel: There are two ways of making caramel - the wet method and the dry method. In short, the wet method adds water to the sugar before cooking and the dry method only uses sugar.
- Both methods work - some people believe the wet method is easier but since I've always made caramel using the dry method, that's the method I used. I have, however, included both methods in the recipe.
- Use Ramekins: Use either Pyrex or porcelain ramekins. Many recipes call for a glass pie dish or loaf pan, but it's easier to use ramekins! Why? Because (a) the flan doesn't break when you unmold it, and (b) there's less chance of over/undercooking the egg mixture. Bonus - if you're serving less than 6 people, it's easy to store the extras.
- Pour the custard through a strainer! This breaks up air bubbles for a silky smooth texture.
- Chilling: the dessert needs to chill in the refrigerator for at least 4 hours and preferably overnight. You can make it up to 4 days in advance.
- How to remove the caramel!!! Probably the biggest question! Pour HOT water into the pan/ramekins and let it sit for a bit and then wash as usual!
Other Spanish Recipes to pair with Flan!
Need something else for your sweet tooth? Don't miss these other dessert recipes!
If you enjoyed this recipe, I would LOVE for you to leave me a comment and rate it! Cheers, Nancy!
- 3 eggs large
- 1 egg yolk large
- 1 ½ cups whole milk
- 1 cup granulated sugar divided
- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
- 1 pinch salt
- 2 Tablespoons water see instructions
To make the Caramel:
- Make the Caramel using either the WET or DRY method:
- For the Dry method: add ½ cup sugar to a large saucepan or small skillet.
- Heat over medium-low heat. When the sugar begins to melt and turn golden, swirl the pan to redistribute the sugar. DO NOT STIR.
- Continue to swirl the pan every 20 seconds or so until all the sugar is melted and the caramel is medium amber in color.
- Evenly divide the caramel between 6 Pyrex glass cups or 6 ramekins.
For the WET Method:
- Add ½ cup of sugar to a medium saucepan and pour 2 Tablespoons of water over the sugar. Add ¼ teaspoon fresh lemon juice. DO NOT STIR.
- Heat the saucepan over medium heat.
- Continue to cook until the syrup starts to turn pale gold. Lift the pan off the heat and swirl.
- Continue to cook until the caramel is a medium amber color.
- Evenly divide the caramel between 6 Pyrex glass cups or ramekins. Place the ramekins in a large baking dish (I used a 9 x 13 inch Pyrex).
Make the custard:
- Preheat the oven to 325 degrees. Combine the eggs, remaining sugar, milk, vanilla and salt in a large measuring cup or medium-sized bowl.
- Whisk until the mixture is thoroughly combined and the eggs are fully incorporated.
- Strain the custard through a strainer, evenly dividing the egg custard between the cups or ramekins. Add hot water to the baking dish so that it comes halfway up the side of the cups or ramekins. Cover the baking dish with foil.
- Bake the flan for 45 - 55 minutes or until a knife inserted in the center comes out clean and the flan jiggles when the cup or ramekin is shaken.
- Remove the baking pan from the oven and uncover and carefully remove the cups or ramekins to a cooling rack.
- Cool and refrigerate for 4 hours or overnight.
- To unmold the flan: run a knife around the edges of the cup or ramekin to loosen the custard. Place a plate (serving side down) on top of the ramekin and flip over. Lift off the cup or ramekin and pour any remaining caramel over the flan.
- Making the caramel: Either method works fine for the recipe. If you're unsure which one to try, the wet method is a bit easier.
- To unmold the flan: I like to remove the flan from the refrigerator about 30 minutes before serving since I think this dessert tastes better closer to room temperature. Taking the flans out early also helps with the unmolding!!
- How to remove the extra caramel: Pour hot water into the ramekins and let sit for a bit and then wash as usual.
- Storing: You can store the flan for up to 4 days in the refrigerator. If making ahead, let the flans completely cool and then loosely cover with plastic wrap. If the flans are still warm, condensation will form which isn't what you want!
Nancy, I adore flan! This one looks so perfect. I bet everyone in your house was very happy about the number of times you tested the recipe. I would have loved to be one of your taste testers. I'm going to Spain this summer and this has gotten me even more excited. 🙂
What size ramekins and how many ramekins does it make? Does the Carmel stay liquid after being refrigerated? Thank you
I used 6 (1/2 cup) ramekins. The caramel does harden up so you need to soak the base of the ramekins in warm water before you unmold them!
Mary Ann norton says
What size ramekins and how many?
Hi Mary Ann,
I used 6 (1/2 cup volume) ramekins. I hope you enjoy the flan!
Can I use a glass pie pan? I don’t have more than 2 ramekins
You absolutely can Amanda! Thank you so much for asking - will update the recipe to include that info!!!
I don't see any instructions referencing what the caramel-colored substance is surrounding the flan.
Make sure you read the actual blog post because the recipe doesn’t mention anything about straining the custard, covering with foil, or boiling the water. I didn’t read the blog post in full and mine did not come out well.
I am so sorry for that. After posting I always print out a copy of the recipe just in case. So I went back and found it and those instructions were there when I posted it - I've have been having some issues with my site (recipes disappearing etc, etc.) so I can only assume that is what happened here. But, that doesn't help you and for that I am beyond sorry! I definitely want to thank you for letting me know so I could correct it!!
I have small eggs can I use 6 small eggs instead of 3 large, also the rest of ingredient proportion remain same or I have to change it
Hi Taiba! 4 small eggs are all you need! I hope you enjoy the flan!
Donna Bennett says
When making Flan in advance do you leave the flan in the Ramekins if your making them 2 days before event?
Hi Donna!! You don't have to - the only issue I see is transferring them to a container and then to a plate. This flan isn't as firm as a traditional Mexican flan so it's a bit more fragile so that's why I just store them in the ramekins until I'm ready to unmold and serve them!!
Very easy to make but not as smooth as I was hoping. More eggy than creamy.
It definitely is more eggy which is typical of Spanish cuisine. My Mexican Flan https://www.acommunaltable.com/mexican-flan/ is definitely more creamy and very easy to make.
No instructions on how to make the custard, it only shows hot to make the caramel.
The instructions are included but you might have missed them because it's sooo simple. You simply combine the custard ingredients and whisk! Pour through a strainer into the ramekins and then bake as directed!!